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This entry in the "For Namesake" blog is about Madrid, New Mexico. Madrid, once a company coal mining town, was famous from the 1920's to the 1940's when miners would light up the winter sky with some 150,000 Christmas lights powered from the company's coal fed generators. Today this tradition has been revived with the town being lit again by its artisans and shop owners. Explore the Christmas events and all there is to see and do in Madrid at http://www.visitmadridnm.com Madrid, New Mexico (35.406705, -106.152523) http://aMAP.to/madrid-newmexico Madrid, New Mexico is a village of 204 located in Santa Fe County along New Mexico Route 14. This highway is known as the Turquoise Trail and connects Albuquerque to Santa Fe. Madrid lies 20 mile southwest of Santa Fe, the county seat of Santa Fe County and the capital of New Mexico. The closest colleges are in Santa Fe and include the College of Santa Fe, Institute of American Indian Arts, St. Johns College and Southwestern College. Santa Fe also has Santa Fe Community College. Madrid is in the mineral rich Ortiz Mountains. It is the oldest coal mining region in New Mexico, with evidence of mining activity as early as the mid 1850’s. By 1892 the yield was such that a 6.5-mile standard gauge railroad spur was constructed from the valley there, then called “Coal Gulch”, to the main line of the Santa Fe Railroad. By 1899 all coal production in the area was consolidated there and Coal Gulch had become Madrid. It is believed to have been named for a family of settlers. It became a boomtown of about 2,500 persons. To provide homes for the miners and their families, cabins were dismantled in Kansas, shipped by rail and reassembled. In 1919 Oscar Joseph Huber was hired as fulltime superintendent of the mines. He was instrumental in turning Madrid into a model company town, with a company store, fully equipped hospital and good schools. He formed an Employee’s Club that required every miner to donate from .50 to $1.00 per month for community causes. They were also required to participate in town events such as the Fourth of July celebration and the now famous Christmas Light Displays. This lasted from the 1920’s to the 1950’s when the mines closed. In the 1970’s Oscar’s son, Joe Huber, began renting the miner’s cabins to artisans. This trend converted Madrid into what it is today, a small village with a quiet residential area, and a busy main street filled with merchants and art galleries. A recent source for income for the village has been in supplying granite slabs for countertops. Like most of the communities in Santa Fe County, Madrid is a Census Designated Place (CDP).   In Madrid itself you may visit the Old Coal Mine Museum and the famous Mineshaft Tavern. The ending of the 2007 film “Wild Hogs” was set and filmed in Madrid. Nearby Cerrillos, has the Turquoise Mining Museum & Petting Zoo. Twenty-four miles south, along the Sandia Crest National Scenic Byway, you do not want to miss seeing the quirky Tinkertown Museum.  The capital city of Santa Fe is also a must stop, and offers much to see and do. Sites of architectural or historic interest include the Barrio De Analco Historic District, Cathedral Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi, Loretto Chapel, Palace of the Governors and San Miguel Mission. Santa Fe is considered to be the second largest art center in the United States after New York City. The highest concentration of galleries is along Canyon Road, east of the downtown Plaza. There are also many Sculptures located throughout the city. For the performing arts there is the Lensic Theater where dance, music and opera productions are held on a regular basis. Museums include the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, Institute of American Indian Arts, Museum of Indian Arts & Culture, Museum of International Folk Art, New Mexico History Museum, New Mexico Museum or Art and the Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian. Check the Santa Fe Convention and Visitors Bureau web site for complete information on all of the city’s attractions.  There are two state parks in the Madrid area; Cerrillos Hills State Park and Hyde Memorial State Park. Rafting is available on the nearby Rio Grande River. You may take a tramway to the top of Sandia Peak, in the Cibola National Forest, for spectacular views of the city of Albuquerque, far below. Mary Wayne “Mae” Marsh, American film actress, was born in Madrid. Notes: 1. http://www.amzn.com/B00CBM6JFK 2. http://www.mad-rid.com 3. http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=17897 4. Meier, Johnnie, “Tinkertown: The Wonderful Whimsical World of Ross Ward”, Route 66 Magazine, Volume 17, No. 3; (summer, 2010) 8 5. http://www.santafe.org Picture: Shops in old miners cabins in Madrid, New Mexico (Wikimedia Commons – Cathy Calkin CC-BY-SA)
This entry in the "For Namesake" Blog is about the town of New Madrid, Missouri. Incorporated in 1808 It is believed to be the oldest town west of the Mississippi River, albeit it is not too far west. It has an interesting history. A series of strong earthquakes that nearly destroyed the entire region began 202 years ago this December. New Madrid, Missouri (36.586449, -89.527855) http://aMAP.to/newmadrid-missouri New Madrid, Missouri is a town of 3,116 located in New Madrid County along US Route 61/62 in the southeastern corner of the state. It lies on the Mississippi River, about 40 miles southwest of Cairo, Illinois. It is the county seat of New Madrid County. Interstate 55 passes to the north and west of New Madrid. The closest universities are Southeast Missouri State University in Cape Girardeau and a campus of the University of Tennessee at Martin, Tennessee. Francois and Joseph LeSieur, Canadian trappers, who came to the area to hunt and trade with the Indians living in the region, made the first settlement at the site of what would become New Madrid in 1783. They named their village L’Anse a la Graise which means “cove of grease”, most likely referring the abundance of game in the area. The Spanish gave Colonel George Morgan a grant of land that included this region. He promised to populate the region and dreamed of founding a great city that would be the capital of a principality. He traveled to this spot in 1789, and had the land surveyed for a grand village that he named New Madrid, after the Spanish capital city. His detailed plan called for wide streets with specific areas set aside for parks, churches and schools. To entice settlers to move there he promised to give the first 600 settlers’ half-acre city lots and five acre outlying lots for the sum of $1, if they would build a home and reside there for one year. His plan worked and the town of New Madrid was born.  It was formally incorporated in 1808 and is believed to be the oldest city west of the Mississippi. In December of 1811 the first of a series of great earthquakes, three of which reached a magnitude of eight on the Richter scale, struck the region. The quakes were so numerous and severe, it was said that by the end of the winter of 1812, only a few houses within 250 miles of the Mississippi River and the town of New Madrid remained undamaged.  In New Madrid you may visit the Hart-Stepp House Art Gallery, Higgerson School Historic Site, A. B. Hunter, Sr. Mansion (1910), Hunter-Dawson Home State Historic Site, Kochtitsky Home (1880), Mississippian Indian Temple Mound, New Madrid County Courthouse, and the New Madrid Historical Museum. Nearby Caruthersville has the Armory & Art Center, Aztar Riverboat Casino, Caruthersville Recreation Center, Historic “Lighthouse” Water Tower, and the Lady Luck Casino. Near East Prairie is the Towosahgy State Historic Site, a prehistoric Indian village and trade center. Sikeston offers the Begg’s Pumpkin Patch, Columns Monument, Cotton Country Murals, Flyway Hunting Club, Southeast Missouri Agriculture Museum, Sikeston Depot and the Sikeston Race Park. There are several wildlife areas in Missouri near New Madrid, including the Donaldson Point Conservation Area, Mingo National Wildlife Refuge, Seven Island Conservation Area and Ten Mile Pond Conservation Area. There are also two Missouri State Parks in the area; Big Oak Tree State Park and Lake Wappapello State Park. Across the River in Tennessee are Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge, Reelfoot Lake, Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge, and Reelfoot State Park. Just north in Kentucky is Columbus-Belmont State Park. Notable residents from New Madrid County include Eric Hurley, Major League Baseball pitcher; Peter C. Myers, former United States Deputy Secretary of Agriculture; Alfred C. Sikes, former chairman of the United States Federal Communications Commission; Robert Vaughn, author; and Thomas Wilson, former Chief Executive Officer of the Boeing Company. All are from the larger city of Sikeston. Cairo, Illinois, another Namesake town, is located 40 miles to the northeast of New Madrid, along the Mississippi River. Notes: 1. http://www.amzn.com/B00CBM6JFK 2. Douglass, Robert Sidney History of Southeast Missouri (Chicago, IL: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1912) p.81-87 3. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~monewmad/nm-history/history-2.htm Picture: Bog Oak Tree State Park near New Madrid, Missouri Picture Credit: (Knowledgeum at en.wikipedia CC-BY-SA)